More than 70 million Americans face surgical procedures every year. Are they all necessary? Probably not. Sometimes surgery is the only available treatment. In other cases, however, less-invasive options should be tried first. Clearly, there should be no delay when surgery is the only recognized treatment or you’re in a life-threatening situation. But doctors agree that patients considering elective procedures should proceed cautiously. Here is some vital information to consider about three of the most popular forms of elective surgery.